Glossary

Near Field Communication (NFC)

11.07.08

Near Field Communication or NFC, is a short-range high frequency wireless communication technology which enables the exchange of data between devices over about a 10 centimetre (around 4 inches) distance.[1] The technology is a simple extension of the ISO 14443 proximity-card standard (contactless card, RFID) that combines the interface of a smartcard and a reader into a single device. An NFC device can communicate with both existing ISO 14443 smartcards and readers, as well as with other NFC devices, and is thereby compatible with existing contactless infrastructure already in use for public transportation and payment. NFC is primarily aimed at usage in mobile phones.

Plenty of applications are possible, such as:
Mobile ticketing in public transport — an extension of the existing contactless infrastructure.
Mobile payment — the device acts as a debit/ credit payment card.
Smart poster — the mobile phone is used to read RFID tags on outdoor billboards in order to get info on the move.
Bluetooth pairing — in the future pairing of Bluetooth 2.1 devices with NFC support will be as easy as bringing them close together and accepting the pairing. The process of activating Bluetooth on both sides, searching, waiting, pairing and authorization will be replaced by a simple "touch" of the mobile phones.
Other applications in the future could include:
Electronic ticketing — airline tickets, concert/event tickets, and others
Electronic money
Travel cards
Identity documents
Mobile commerce
Electronic keys — car keys, house/office keys, hotel room keys, etc.
Source: Wikipedia
URL: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Near_Field_Communication
  • Internet of Things

    In computing, the Internet of Things refers to a usually wireless and self-configuring network between objects, such as household appliances. The concept of the internet of things is attributed to the original Auto-ID Center, founded in 1999 and base…
    11.12.08

  • Smart Dust

    Smartdust is the term used to describe a network of tiny wireless microelectromechanical systems sensors, robots, or devices, installed with wireless communications, that can detect light, temperature, or vibration.Source: WikipediaURL: http://en.wik…
    11.12.08

  • Memory Card

    A memory card or flash memory card is a solid-state electronic flash memory data storage device used with digital cameras, handheld and mobile computers, telephones, music players, video game consoles, and other electronics. They offer high re-record…
    11.12.08

  • Flash memory

    Flash memory is non-volatile computer memory that can be electrically erased and reprogrammed. It is a technology that is primarily used in memory cards and USB flash drives for general storage and transfer of data between computers and other digital…
    11.11.08

  • Contactless Chip Card

    Proximity card (or Prox Card) is a generic name for contactless integrated circuit devices used for security access or payment systems. It can refer to the older 125 kHz devices or the newer 13.56 MHz contactless RFID cards, most commonly known as co…
    11.11.08

  • Contacted Chip Card

    Contact smart cards have a contact area, comprising several gold-plated contact pads, that is about 1cm square. When inserted into a reader, the chip makes contact with electrical connectors that can read information from the chip and write informati…
    11.11.08

  • Antenna

    An antenna is a transducer designed to transmit or receive electromagnetic waves. In other words, antennas convert electromagnetic waves into electrical currents and vice versa. Antennas are used in systems such as radio and television broadcasting,…
    11.10.08

  • Chip Card

    A smart card, chip card, or integrated circuit card (ICC), is any pocket-sized card with embedded integrated circuits which can process data. This implies that it can receive input which is processed — by way of the ICC applications — and…
    11.10.08

  • Smart Cards

    A smart card, chip card, or integrated circuit card (ICC), is any pocket-sized card with embedded integrated circuits which can process data. This implies that it can receive input which is processed — by way of the ICC applications — and…
    11.10.08

  • IC Cards

    Integrated circuit card (ICC). A smart card, chip card, or integrated circuit card (ICC), is any pocket-sized card with embedded integrated circuits which can process data. This implies that it can receive input which is processed — by way of t…
    11.10.08

  • Magnetic stripe cards

    A magnetic stripe card is a type of card capable of storing data by modifying the magnetism of tiny iron-based magnetic particles on a band of magnetic material on the card. The magnetic stripe, sometimes called a magstripe, is read by physical conta…
    11.08.08

  • Cryptography

    Cryptography is the practice and study of hiding information. In modern times, cryptography is considered a branch of both mathematics and computer science, and is affiliated closely with information theory, computer security, and engineering. Crypto…
    11.08.08

  • PDA

    A personal digital assistant is a handheld computer also known as small or palmtop computers. Newer PDAs also have both color screens and audio capabilities, enabling them to be used as mobile phones,, web browsers, or portable media players. Many PD…
    11.07.08

  • PCMCIA

    The Personal Computer Memory Card International Association is an international standards body that defines and promotes the PC Card and ExpressCard standards. Although the organization's name refers to memory cards, their standards are not limited t…
    11.07.08

  • Printed Batteries

    Batteries, printed

    Simply put, power sources that are printed. Thin-film and printed batteries are suited to a variety of applications where their small profile and low-cost manufacturing make them economically attractive. These include low-power applications such…
    11.04.08