The success of the first Spearhead Projects, launched in 2018 — which included the world's first graphene-enabled solar farm — inspired the Graphene Flagship to keep investing in these initiatives, aiming to take graphene-enabled products from the lab to end-users.
Now, the Graphene Flagship has committed €45 million to invest in 11 commercialization projects led by industrial partners in Europe such as Airbus, Fiat-Chrysler Automobiles, Lufthansa Technik, Siemens, and ABB.
Notably, the project partners will also co-fund the projects with a further combined contribution of €47 million, showing their interest in the development of graphene-enabled products.
The newly launched projects combine the results of the Graphene Flagship's innovative scientific research with the ambitions of commercial partners for marketable applications. This initiative will bring the number of companies involved in the Graphene Flagship to 78, which makes up nearly half of the whole consortium.
The newly launched projects have been designed to increase the Technology Readiness Level (TRL) of graphene-based technologies — a metric used to determine the maturity of a technology and its estimated time to market.
One of the new projects, GRAPES, will focus on improving the stability of graphene-based perovskite solar panels. Working alongside industrial partners such as Siemens, Greatcell Solar, and the Graphene Flagship spin-off BeDimensional, the project will boost the performance and stability of graphene-based perovskite cells to record levels, a crucial factor for improving Europe's uptake of solar energy generation.
Similarly, GRAPHIL will develop an innovative water filtration system, with implications for the environment, health and societal wealth of Europe's citizens. The project, led by Medica SpA, will use graphene-based filters to remove contaminants, pesticides and dangerous pathogens from the billions of cubic meters of water consumed by European citizens each year.
The announcement also includes sector-specific ventures, such as AEROGrAFT and GICE. Both projects will deliver graphene-based technology to improve safety and efficiency in the aerospace sector. These projects are backed by Lufthansa Technik and Airbus, respectively.
The AUTOVISION project will develop state-of-the-art vision sensors, which could be critical for the safe functioning of self-driving cars, and it will count on industrial partners such as Aixtron, UK and Veoneer, Sweden.
Nokia will lead another project, Metrograph, to develop an ultrafast graphene-based transceiver to enable high-speed and low-power consumption communications. Furthermore, SafeGraph, a first-of-its-kind project, has been developed to ensure regulation and legislation for graphene-based products are coherent as these products are brought to market.
Moreover, thanks to the contribution of the EU National Funding Agencies (FLAG-ERA), Mellanox LTD will participate in a project targeting the development of light detection and ranging systems for self-driving cars and other applications, enabled by graphene, resulting in a compact, rugged, low-cost and highly efficient system.
The newly launched projects also align with the United Nations' 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Among others, these objectives include achieving good health and wellbeing, clean water and sanitation, affordable and clean energy, and sustainable cities and communities, as well as improvements to industry innovation and infrastructure in Europe.
"The Spearhead Projects are market-motivated, industry-led sub-projects that aim at creating prototypes at TRL 6 or above, in areas where graphene-related technologies have an edge over competing approaches," said Jari Kinaret, director of the Graphene Flagship. "From April 2020, the spearhead program will be expanded to comprise about 30% of the Graphene Flagship's funding from the European Commission.
"Each of the 11 new initiatives will be led by key Graphene Flagship industrial partners. This will pave the way towards the commercialization of the prototypes when the projects end in 2023."
"We expect that, by using graphene as a material for ice protection systems, we can reduce the complexity of these systems to create a system that uses less energy, reduces fuel consumption and allows us to become more environmentally friendly in aviation," said Elmar Bonaccurso, senior scientist and project manager for Surface Technology at Airbus.